Kidangoor Subrahmanya Swami Temple
Kidangoor Subramanya Swami Temple is one of the biggest and ancient Subrahmanya temple in Kerala.It stands on the bank of Meenachil river by the Kidangoor – Manarcad road, one kilometer south of Kidangoor Junction in the Ettumanoor – Poonjar highway in Kottayam District of Kerala.
Kidangoor is historically one of the 64 villages of the Namboodiris established by Parasurama. It was the boundary of the Thekkumkur-Vadakkumkur Kingdoms. The 14 Brahmin families of Kidangur were the owners of this temple. Out of the 14 Brahmin families some did not have male discendents, so those who had male members became the sole owners of this temple even to the present day.
Lord Subrahmanya in this temple is famous as Thrukkidangoorappan. Parighapuresan is another name for the Lord because Kidangoor is also alled Parighapuram. Subrahmanya is worshipped in Brahmachari Bhava. Lord considers all women who enters in the temple as His mother (Goddess Sree Parvathy). When mother comes to see her son he has to bow and worship her by leaving the Sreekovil. In order to avoid this difficulty, women are not permitted to enter inside the nalambalam. They can worship the lord by entering into the Valiyambalam through Balikkalppura. When Lord Muruka comes out of the temple nalambalam during Utsavam for ezhunnallathu, pallivetta,sheeveli etc there is no restriction for women to worship Him.
It is believed that the idol of Subramanya Swami came out of the ‘Kamandulu’ or pot carried by maharsi Gauna when it tiled and the water lowed out. According to the legends the Gauna Nadi(Meenachil river) starts from the Kamandalu of Gauna Maharshi like the river Kaveri from Agasthya Maharshi's Kamandalu. Hence this river got the name Gauna Nadi. Gauna Maharshi filled his Kamandalu with Sapthanadi Theertham (water from the 7 holy rivers - Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswathy, Sindhu, Narmmada, Godavari and Kaveri). A beautiful idol of Lord Subrahmanya was also kept in his kamandalu. He was eagerly waiting for the Darshan of Lord Sree Rama in his return journey to Ayodhya after killing Ravana. Sree Rama was accompanied by large number of devotees like Vibhishana, Sugreeva, Hanuman and Angada in the Pushpaka Vimana. So Maharshi Gauna could not see Lord Sri Rama and Sita Devi properly. So the angry Gauna threw the kamandalu away and the idol of Subrahmanya Swami came out. These incidents occured on a hill and since then the hill is known as Kudamuruttimala. This flow of water became a river and thus the present Gauna nadi was formed. Along wih the flow of the water, the idol was carried away to the Vishnu temple in Kidangoor and was later installed in a new sreekovil. This is the present Kidangoor Subrahmanya Swami Temple. So the water in Gauna river is as holy as the Sapthanadi Teertham.
The legends of Kadappattor temple is aasociated with Sage Gauna. According to legends the Meenachil river starts from the Kamandalu of Gauna Maharshi like the river Kaveri from Agasthya Maharshi's Kamandalu. Hence this river got the name Gauna Nadi. Gauna Maharshi filled his Kamandalu with Sapthanadi Theertham (water from the 7 holy rivers - Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswathy, Sindhu, Narmmada, Godavari and Kaveri). A beautiful idol of Lord Subrahmanya was also kept in his kamandalu. He was eagerly waiting for the Darshan of Lord Sree Rama in his return journey to Ayodhya after killing Ravana. Sree Rama was accompanied by large number of devotees like Vibhishana, Sugreeva, Hanuman and Angada in the Pushpaka Vimana. So Maharshi Gauna could not see Lord Sri Rama and Sita Devi properly. So the angry Gauna threw the kamandalu away and the idol of Subrahmanya Swami came out. These incidents occured on a hill and since then the hill is known as Kudamuruttimala. This flow of water became a river and thus the present Gauna nadi was formed. Along wih the flow of the water, the idol was carried away to the Vishnu temple in Kidangoor and was later installed in a new sreekovil. This is the present Kidangoor Subrahmanya Swami Temple. So the water in Gauna river is as holy as the Sapthanadi Teertham.
Bharata Muni’s concept of Natya Shastra is evident in the sculptural work inside the Kuthambalam. So this is different from all other Kuthambalams of various temples of kerala. It is believed that Peunthachan desiged this koothambalam.The scenes from Ramayana and Mahabharatha are beautifuly sculptured on the Ragamandapam of the Kuthambalam. There is a huge pillar curved out of the wood of “Kurumthotti”-a medicinal plant. Inside the hall there is a vigraha of Devi Bhuvaneswari. Woman are not allowed to enter the Kuthambalam and the ‘Nalambalam’ ’Koothu ‘ and ‘Koodiyattom’are performed inside the Koothambalam. A special performance of ‘Brahmachari Koothu’is conducted only in this temple and this temple and this is for the benefit of those who have no children. Mahamaya Devi, enshrined in the Kuthambalam facing south is well inside by devotees for the removal of all their problems and for the destruction of enemies. During the Annual Festival Chakiyar Koothu is conducted regularly.
Tanthri and Melsanthi
Tharananalloor Nampoothirippad is the Tanthri and Melsanthi is a purappeda santhi from Kanhangad Pulloor Sabha.
Upadevathamar - Sub Dieties
Lord Mahavishnu, locally known as Vadakkumthevar, is worshipped with equal importance in the temple. The sreekovil of Lord Vishnu is to the north of the Subrahmanya sreekovil within the same nalambalam. The idol of Mahavishnu is in Chathurbahu form wearing Sankha, Chakra, Gada and Padma. Vishnu temple has ashtadikpalakadi parivaraprathishta and namaskara mandapam. The vishnu temple is more ancient than the Subrahmanya temple. Pushpanjaly, Bhagya sooktha Archana, Nei vilakku, Paalppayasam, Thrikkai Venna, Vella nivedyam, Vishnu Pooja, Thrimadhuram, Thulassi Maala, Muzhukkappu and Thirumugam charthal are the main offerings for Vadakkumthevar.
Sri Dharma Sastha is also worshipped in the temple. Sastha's sreekovil(shrine) is located to the south-west corner of the main temple. Pushpanjaly, Nei Vilakku, Neeranjanam, Vella nivedyam, Ellu Payasam, Muzhukkappu(Chandanam Charth) and Thirumugam(Chandanam Charth) are the main offerings for Sastha.
There is a Bhagavathi(Bhuvaneswari) Prathishta (facing south) on a pillar inside the Koothambalam. Pushpanjaly, Raktha pushpanjaly, Guruthi, Vara nivedyam, Kadumpayasam and Vella nivedyam are the main offerings for Bhuvaneswari.
The ten day long Utsavam (annual festival) celebrated in Kumbham (February - March) is the major festival in this temple. Utsavam commences with the kodiyettu (auspicious flag hoisting ceremony) on the Malayalam star day karthika and ends on the 10th day of the festival. Arattu ritual will be held at Chembilavu Ponkunnathu Mahadeva Temple Kadavu in Meenachil River. Ponkunnathu Mahadevan (Lord Shiva) is considered as the father of Thrikkidangoorappan. Thus this is a special day for the devotees because both Shiva and Subrahmanya are present for blessing them. Thaipooyam in Makaram, Skanda Shashti and all Shashti Vrata Days are important here. the cultural programmes conducted during this period will be an extra attraction to the piligrims as well as art lovers. The first 8 days will be accompanied by famous elephants ,utzava balli, exponents of vella kalli. koothu,kathakali,musical and dance performances will enhance the beauty of the festival.thirukarthikai in the Malayalam month vrijikam and thyapoosam in the Malayalam month makaram are the two famous and important festivals of the kidangoor temple.ottakavadi , panchamudra and pandradukavadi are the major offerings given to the lord.the abhiskam is done with milk and tender coconut till noon in the temple and afterwards by basam For the well being and prosperity of the place and to be filled with the blessings people have to worship the Trikkidangoorappan
The temple is managed by Uranma Nampoothiri illams of Kidangoor.
Kidangoor Ooranma Devaswom Temples (Other Temples managed by Kidangoor Devaswom)
There are 16 keezhedam kshethrangal or small temples under the administration of Kidangoor Ooranma Devaswom. The temples are situated in Kottayam, Idukki, Ernakulam and Alappuzha Districts.
1 Uthameswaram Mahadeva Kshethram. Kidangoor South
2 Ponkunnath Mahadeva Kshethram . Chempilavu
3 Vattamparampu Dharmasastha Kshethram . Chempilavu
4 Nadackamkunnu Bhagavathi Kshethram Kummanoor
5 Thrikkayil Sree Krishna Swami Kshetham Kummanoor
6 Annapoorneswari Kshethram, Mevida
7 Moorthattekkavu Bhagavathi Kshethram Pariyaramangalam
8 Mahavishnu Kshethram Pariyaramangalam.
9 Koottumadam Subrahmanya Swami Kshethram Rayamangalam.
10 Perackattu Siva Kshethram Rayamangalam
11 Kaaroor Sreekrishna Swami Kshethram ,Rayamangalam
12 Tharavattathu Subrahmanya Swami Kshethram , Purappuzh, Thodupuzha
13 Edavetti Sreekshna Swami Kshethram ,Thodupuzha.
14 Annapoorneswari Kshethram, Elanji
15 Ayyan Koyickal Darmasastha Kshethram , Neerikkadu
16 Kariyoor Mangalam Annapoorneswari Kshethram ,Kavalam
An ancient east facing vishnu temple is located near the North gate of the temple (in between Ottupura and Kshetra Kadavu in Meenachil river). The idol in this temple is installed and worshipped here by Maharshi Sandeepani - Guru of Sree Krishna and Balarama.
Kidangoor Maha Ganapathy Temple
Kidangoor Maha Ganapathy Temple is located near to the west gopuram of Kidangoor Subrahmanya Swami Temple and is managed by a trust. A beautiful idol of Maha Ganapathy (facing east) is installed in this temple in 1990's. The Nalambalam wall is decorated with different Ganapathy forms. Vinayaka Chathurthi in Chingam is the main festival. Ashtadravya Maha Ganapathy Homam, Unniyappam, Modakam and Karukamala are the main offerings here.
Chamravattom Ayyappa Temple Kidangoor and Kunchan Nambiar
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