Demographics of Kerala Hindus

Hindus are the majority community in Kerala. As per the Census 2001, the total population of Kerala is 3,18,41,374. The Hindu population is 1,78,83,449(56.20%), Muslims 78,63,342(24.7%) and Christians 60,57,427(19%). The population of Hindus is the largest in Thiruvananthapuram district and the lowest in Wayanad district. Hindus constitute the majority in all districts except Malappuram, where the Muslims are the majority community. Muslims form the second largest community in Kasaragod, Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad, Palakkad and Kollam districts. Christians are placed second in Thrissur, Ernakulam, Idukki, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta and Thiruvananthapuram districts.


The population of Hindus and Christians declined by 1.48 and 0.32 percentage points respectively and the population of Muslims increased by 1.70 percentage points in the State since the last Census in 1991. The sex ratio for children in the age group 0 to 6 years is 961 for Hindus, 960 for Muslims and 959 for Christians.


Communities such as Nampoothiries, Tamil Brahmins, Gowda Saraswatha Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Ambalavasi groups(Warriers, Marars, Nambiars, Nambissans, Ezhuthassans, Pisharadis etc.) and Nairs together constituting about 23 per cent of the population of Kerala belongs to forward class. Ezhavas/Thiyas, Viswakarmaja, Dheevaras etc together constituting about 23 per cent of the population belongs to backward class. There is 9.8% Scheduled Castes and 1.12% Scheduled Tribes.



District wise population
District Hindus Christians Muslims
Thiruvananthapuram 22,02,112 5,95,563 4,31,512
Kollam 16,85,044 4,23,745 4,74,071
Pathanamthitta 6,94,560 4,81,602 56,457
Alappuzha 14,57,188 4,41,643 2,08,042
Kottayam 9,63,497 8,71,371 1,16,686
Idukki 5,66,744 4,80,108 81,222
Ernakulam 14,44,994 12,04,471 4,51,764
Thrissur 17,61,842 7,20,152 4,88,697
Palakkad 18,02,766 1,09,249 7,03,596
Malappuram 10,57,418 1,75,495 24,84,576
Kozhikkode 16,69,161 1,27,468 10,78,759
Wayanad 3,92,141 1,75,495 2,09,758
Kannur 14,80,748 2,61,090 6,65,648
Kasargod 7,05,234 84,891 4,13,063


Sex Ratio
Religion Average sex ratio
(females per
1,000 males)
Hindus 1,058
Christians 1,031
Muslims 1,082
Total 1,058


Population of children below six years
Religion Total MaleFemaleProportion of population
Hindus 19,32,504 9,85,394 9,47,11010.8%            
Christians6,77,878 3,45,928 3,31,95015%
Muslims11,78,880 6,01,660 5,77,22011.2%


Other details
Religion Literacy Employed Suicide rate
Hindus90.2% 35.7% 92%             
Christians94.15% 33.9% 6.5%
Muslims87.45% 23.2% 1.5%


Source: Kerala Census Report - 2001 and First Report on Religion Data released by Census Commissioner of India.

For more details visit http://www.ecostatkerala.org/pdf/statplan/popln1.html