108 Shiva Temples in Kerala created by Lord Parasurama

According to the legends, Lord Parasurama created the land between Gokarna and Kanyakumari. Lord Parasurama the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu was the son of Sage Jamadagni and Renuka. As a mark of repentance for Kshatriya Nigraha sin, Parasurama meditated at Gokarna and invoked Lord Varuna (the Lord of the Oceans). Parasurama asked him for a boon. To absolve himself of the sins he had committed, he wanted to donate some land to the Brahmins. There was no land available because he already donated the whole land he obtained by the 21 round Kshatriya Nigraha to Sage Kashyapa. Lord Varuna told Parasurama that he would give him as much land as he wished. He told him to fling his Parasu (axe) from where he stood at Gokarna. The land from Gokarna till the point where the axe landed would be given to him was the boon that Lord Varuna promised him. The throw of the `axe' from Gokarna to Kanyakumari created Kerala. Parasurama donated this land to the Brahmins and settled Brahmins there in 64 gramams or villages.


32 out of the 64 gramams are in the Tulu speaking region (in between Gokarnam and Perumpuzha) and the remaining 32 gramams are in the Malayalam speaking region(in between Perumpuzha and Kanyakumari) in Kerala. Those in Kerala listed in the Keralopatti, the narrative of Kerala history are


1. Payyannoor 2. Perumchelloor (Talipparambu) 3. Alatthiyoor 4. Karanthol 5.Chokiram (Shukapuram) 6. Panniyoor 7. Karikkau 8. Isaanamangalam 9. Thrussivaperoor 10. Peruvanam. 11. Chamunda (Chemmanta) 12. Irungatikkootal (Iringalakkuda) 13. Avattiputhur (Avittathoor) 14. Paravoor 15. Airanikkulam 16. Muzhikkalam 17. Kuzhavur 18. Atavur 19. Chenganatu(Chengamanadu) 20. Ilibhyam 21. Uliyannoor 22. Kalutanatu. 23. Ettumanoor 24. Kumaranalloor 25. Kadamuri 26. Aranmula 27. Tiruvalla 28. Kidangoor 29.Chengannoor 30. Kaviyoor 31. Venmani and 32. Neermanna (Niranam)


After the creation of these gramams, Parasurama had consecrated 108 Shiva temples and 108 Durga temples for the well-being and prosperity of the people in Kerala . Among these 216 temples, the Lord Shiva of Gokarnam Mahabaleswara Temple in the north and Goddess Kumari of Kanyakumari temple in the south were considered as the protectors of Kerala. The first Shivalaya created by Parasurama was the Thrissivaperoor Vadakkunnatha Temple and the last one was the Thrikkariyoor Mahadeva Temple.


The names of these temples were given in the famous 108 Shivalaya Nama Stothra. This stothra is written in Malayalam and is anonymous. There are many temples with the same place names. Also some old names do not exist or their names have changed. So I have included temples with the same place names as a single group in this 108 shivalayas. So in this list you can find more than 110 Shiva temples in Kerala. It is clear that this stothra was composed in Thrissur region of Kerala because 64 temples were located in this region(9 in Palakkad district, 43 in Thrissur district and 12 in Ernakulam district). District wise distribution of rest of the temples are - 4 in Thiruvanathapuram, 5 in Kollam, 3 in Pathanamthitta, 6 in Alappuzha, 11 in Kottayam, 1 in Idukki, 7 in Malappuram, 4 in Kozhikkode, 1 in Vayanad and 5 in Kannur. Now 2 temples are in Karnataka and one is in Tamil Nadu. The full version of this stothra is given below.


108 Shivalaya Nama Stothra

Sreemad Dakshina Kailasam Sree Perooriraveeswaram
Sucheendram Chowaram Mathoor Trippangott atha Mundayoor
Sree Mandhamkunnu Chowalloor Panancheri Korattiyum
Puramundekkatt Avungannoor Kollooru Thirumangalam
Trikkariyooru Kunnapram Sree Velloor Ashtamangalam
Iyranikkulavum Kainoor Gokarnam Eranakulam
Paarivaloor Adattum nal Parippil Chathamangalam
Paraparambu Trukkooru Panayooru Vyttila
Vaikom Rameswaram randum Ettumanoor Edakkolam
Chemmanthatt Aluva pinne Thirumittakkottu Cherthala
Kallattupuzha Trukkunnu Cheruvathooru Ponganam
Trukkapaleeswaram moonnum Avittathoor Perummala
Kollathum Kattakampala Pazhayanooru Perakom
Athampally Ambilikkadu Cheranellooru Maniyoor
Tali nalum Kodungalloor Vanchiyoor Vanchuleswaram
Panjarkulam Chittukulam Alathoor atha Kottiyoor
Truppalooru Perumtatta Truthala Thiruvallayum
Vazhappally Puthuppally Mangalam Thirunnakkara
Kodumboor Ashtamikkovil Pattanakkadu Thashtayil
Killikkurussiyum Puthoor Kumbhasambhavamandiram
Someswaram cha Vengaloor Kottarakkara Kandiyoor
Palayoorumahadeva Chelloor atha Nedumpura
Mannoor Truchaliyoor Srumgapuram Kottooru Mammiyoor
Parampum tali Thirunavaya Kaarikkodu Cherthala
Kottappuram Muthuvara Valappaya Chendamangalm
Thrukkandiyoor Peruvanam Thiruvaloor Chirakkalum
Ipparanjava noottettum bhakthiyothu padikkuvor
Deham nasikkiletheedum mahadevante sannidhow
Pradoshathil japichal ashesha duritham kedum
Yathra yathra shiva kshethram tatra tatra namamyaham


shivalayastotram

Legend says that all these 108 shivalayas were built by Parasurama. But in the legends of many temples we cannot see such a connection. There is no dispute that these hymns which we have been singing for years have influenced the devotees minds.


The 108 great Shiva temples in ancient Kerala were



1. Dakshina Kailasam Thrissivaperoor Vadakkunnatha Temple

2. Udayamperoor Ekadasi Perumthrikkovil Mahadeva Temple
    Peroor Kaipayil Shiva Temple

3. Raveeswarapuram Temple Kodungalloor
    Iraveeswaram Mahadeva Temple Kudamaloor

4. Sucheendram Sthanumalaya Perumal Temple

5. Chowara Chidmbareswara Temple

6. Mathoor Shiva Temples

7. Trippangott Shiva Temple

8. Mundayoor or Mundoor Shiva Temple

9. Thirumandhamkunnu Mahadeva Temple

10. Chowalloor Shiva Temple

11. Panancheri Mudikkode Shiva Temple

12.Koratty Annamanada Mahadeva Temple

     Thrukkoratty Mahadeva Temple

13. Puramundekkat Mahadeva Temple

14. Avanoor Sreekandeswaram Mahadeva Temple

15. Kolloor Mookambika Temple

16. Thirumangalam Mahadeva Temple

17. Thrikkariyoor Mahadeva Temple

18. Kunnathu Mahadeva Temple

19. Velloor Perunthatta Mahadeva Temple

20. Ashtamangalam Mahadeva Temple

21. Iranikkulam Mahadeva Temple

22. Kainoor Mahadeva Temple

23. Gokarnam Mahabaleswara Temple

24. Ernakulam Mahadeva Temple

25. Pazhoor Perumthrikkovil Mahadeva Temple

26. Adattu Mahadeva Temple

27. Parippu Mahadeva Temple

28. Sasthamangalam Mahadeva Temple

29. Perumparambu Mahadeva Temple

30. Trukkoor Mahadeva Temple

31. Panayoor Paloor Mahadeva Temple

32. Vytila Nettoor Mahadeva Temple

33. Vaikom Mahadeva Temple

34. Rameswaram Mahadeva Temple Kollam

35. Rameswaram Mahadeva Temple Amaravila

36. Ettumanoor Mahadeva Temple

37. Edakkolam Kanjilassery Mahadeva Temple

38. Chemmanthitta Mahadeva Temple

39. Aluva Mahadeva Temple

40. Thirumittakkod Anchumoorthy Temple

41. Cherthala Velorvattom Mahadeva Temple

42. Kallattupuzha Mahadeva Temple

43. Thrukkunnu Mahadeva Temple

44. Cheruvathoor Mahadeva Temple

45. Poonkunnam Mahadeva Temple

46. Trukkapaleeswaram Mahadeva Temple Nadapuram

47. Trukkapaleeswaram Mahadeva Temple Peralassery

48. Trukkapaleeswaram Mahadeva Temple Niranam

49. Avittathoor Mahadeva Temple

50. Kodumon Angadikkal Perumala Tali Maha Shiva Temple
      Parumala Valiya Panayannarkavu Temple

51. Kollam Anandavalleeswaram Mahadeva Temple

52. Kattakambala Mahadeva Temple

53. Pazhayannoor Kondazhi Trutham Tali

54. Perakom Mahadeva Temple

55. Chakkamkulangara Mahadeva Temple

56. Kumaranalloor Temple
      Enkakkad Veeranimangalam Mahadeva Temple

57. Cheranelloor Mahadeva Temple

58. Maniyoor Mahadeva Temple

59. Nediya Tali Mahadeva Temple

60. Kozhikkode Tali Mahadeva Temple

61. Thazhathangady Tali Mahadeva Temple

62. Kaduthuruthy Tali Mahadeva Temple

63. Kodungalloor Mahadeva Temple

64. Vanchiyoor Sreekandeswaram Mahadeva Temple

65. Thiruvanjikkulam Mahadeva Temple

66. Padanayarkulangara Mahadeva Temple

67. Truchattukulam Mahadeva Temple
      Kadungalloor Chittukulam Mahadeva Temple

68. Alathoor Pokkunni Mahadeva Temple

69. Kottiyoor Mahadeva Temple

70. Truppaloor Mahadeva Temple

71. Perunthatta Mahadeva Temple

72. Truthala Mahadeva Temple

73. Thiruvalla Thiruvatta Mahadeva Temple
      Thukalassery Mahadeva Temple

74. Vazhappally Mahadeva Temple

75. Puthuppally Changankulangara
      Puthuppally Thrukkovil Mahadeva Temple

76. Anchummoorthy Mangalam Mahadeva Temple

77. Thirunakkara Mahadeva Temple

78. Kodumbu Mahadeva Temple

79. Ashtamichira Mahadeva Temple

80. Pattanakkad Mahadeva Temple
      Mattannoor Mahadeva Temple

81. Uliyannoor Mahadeva Temple

82. Killikkurussimangalam Mahadeva Temple

83. Puthoor Mahadeva Temple

84. Chengannoor Mahadeva Temple

85. Someswaram Mahadeva Temple

86. Venganelloor Mahadeva Temple

87. Kottarakkara Mahadeva Temples

88. Kandiyoor Mahadeva Temple

89. Palayoor Mahadeva Temple

90. Taliparamba Rajarajeswara Temple

91. Nedumpura Kulasekharanelloor Mahadeva Temple

92. Mannoor Mahadeva Temple

93. Trussilery Temple

94. Sringapuram Mahadeva Temple

95. Kottoor Karivelloor Mahadeva Temple

96. Mammiyoor Mahadeva Temple

97. Parabumthali Mahadeva Temple

98. Thirunavaya Mahadeva Temple

99. Karikkode Kanjiramattam Mahadeva Temple

100. Cherthala Nalppathenneeswaram Mahadeva Temple

101. Kottappuram Mahadeva Temple

102. Muthuvara Mahadeva Temple

103. Velappaya Mahadeva Temple

104. Chendamangalam Kunnathoor Tali Mahadeva Temple

105. Thrukkandiyoor Mahadeva Temple

106. Peruvanam Mahadeva Temple

107. Thiruvaloor Mahadeva Temple

108. Chirakkal Mahadeva Temple